Antiquities of Egypt
KarnakTemple, Luxor Temple, Valley of the Kings, Hatshepsut Temple
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These pages are a continuation of a 12 day trip that started with scuba diving
the wrecks and reefs of the Red Sea,             We traveled from Hurghada on
the coast across the Eastern Desert to the city of Luxor on the Nile River.
Page 2 continues on to Cairo and the Great Pyramids of Giza.
The row of photos above start in the
marina where our scuba dive boat was
moored. The second photo shows the
spires at a Mosque we walked to.

Evening prayers were in progress but
tourists are allowed to just wander
around, just take off your shoes.

At far right, is what the inside of the
dome under that chandelier looked like.
The Eastern Desert is everything between the Red Sea and the Nile River and took four and a half
hours to drive across in our tour van. Rain is extremely rare here.
The Nile Valley is irrigated by canals, left, and mostly a rural farmland area.
At right, a view of the Nile River from our hotel in Luxor.
A model of what the Temple of Karnak originally looked like at left, and what it actually looks like today.
The two photos at right is the line of Sphinxes at the entrance.
Most temples and statues were badly
damaged in an earthquake likely around
60 BC. Restoration projects have been
ongoing for most of the last century trying
to rebuild what is believed to have been
started around 2600 BC.
Missing pieces have been replaced by cement, and the reason for the smooth patches on nearly everything.
Restoration projects were everywhere and inside completed areas were the original painted carvings on the walls.
Gods were shown with either the head of an animal or a headdress of lotus or papyrus plants.
Legend says that a man with one leg and one arm was left behind when all the men went off to war. When they
returned, all of the women were pregnant and the man was promoted to the 'God of Fertility', photo at right.
The Sphinx lined causeway, at left, is now believed to connect the Temple of Karnak to this area called the Luxor Temple, nearly 2 miles.
The vanquished enemies of the Pharaohs are shown with their arms tied behind their backs, and a rope connecting their necks, left.
At right, is Horus, god of the sky, with the head of a falcon.
An early morning hot air balloon ride gave us a great view of the Nile Valley and some of the ruins in the Luxor region.
Sunrise over the Nile Valley showing a marked difference between the irrigated farm land and desert.
At right, is Rameses ll Temple and grain storage huts likely built in 300 to 400 AD.
At left, the burial tombs of nobles, priests and anyone rich enough to afford it. The second photo shows more of the area
where ordinary people were interred and the Temple of Hatshepsut, the only women to rule Egypt.
Our approach to landing at right.
The Valley of the Kings is a major highlight of the area and we chose to enter the tomb of Merenptah for its reputation of extensively carved walls.
At left, the long tunnel with many shelves and alcoves believed to have held the Pharaohs treasures.
At right, the sarcophagus and its cover carved with the likeness of the Pharaoh.
At left, snakes were used to depict the many dangers the Pharaoh would encounter on his journey to the next life.
The tomb of Rameses lV is noted for its colorfully painted carvings. The third photo shows the pharaoh meeting his guide, the sun god Ra.
At right, among his servants is the scarab or beetle, a symbol of immortality and resurrection.
The tunnel leading down
to the burial chamber.
The tomb with its painted walls, second photo, and ceiling with blue sky and stars.
The nearly destroyed sarcophgus at right.
We stopped at a shop where local craftsmen made various things out of alabaster much like ancient times.
Our last stop in Luxor was at the temple of Hatshepsut, the only women to rule ancient Egypt. At left, an old air photo of the
reconstruction and then what it looks like now.
These painted carvings, above and below, depict Hatshepsut's journey to todays Libya and the treasures she brought back.
Because our day started at 3:30 AM, and the temperature was up to 114 F, we elected to take a water taxi a few miles up the Nile for a late lunch and call it a day.
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Continue to PAGE 2.
Scuba diving the reefs and wrecks of the
Red Sea photos can be found
Pyramids of Giza, Sphinx and the
Khan El Khalily Bazaar on